CONSERVATISM, Modern Ideologies

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One cannot make history with such quivering people. Instructors will not have access to students' individual responses or summed scores. Public opinion is that opinion which government finds it prudent to heed, as the attentive public is not as large as the general public. The conservative, aristocratic monarchies, with their armies and economies (Great Britain exception), appeared firmly in control once again; great challenge for political leaders in 1814 was to construct a peace settlement that would last and not start war The allied powers were concerned with the defeated enemy, France and agreed to the restoration of the Bourbon dynasty (Peace of Paris with Louis XVIII; May 30, 1814) The allies were lenient toward France, gave them boundaries it possessed in 1692 and France lost the territories conquered in Italy, Germany, and Low Countries France did not have to pay any war damages; when the four allies met at the Congress of Vienna, they agreed to raise a number of formidable barriers against French aggression and the Low Countries were united and Prussia received more territory on France’s eastern border to stand as a “sentinel” against France In their moderation toward France, the allies (the Great Powers) were motivated by self-interest and traditional ideas about the balance of power To Klemens von Metternich and Castlereagh (foreign ministers of Austria and Britain) as well as their French counterpart Charles Talleyrand, the balance of power meant an internal equilibrium of political and military forces that would preserve the freedom and Austria, Britain, Prussia, Russia, and France On January 3, 1815, Great Britain, Austria, and France signed a secret alliance directed against Russia and Prussia; the outcome was compromise rather than war because threat of war caused rulers of Russia and Prussia to moderate demands They accepted Metternich’s proposal and Russia established a small Polish kingdom and Prussia received two-fifths of Saxony; France had regained its Great Power status and ended its diplomatic isolation by siding with Metternich When the peace settlement had been almost complete, Napoleon reappeared and after Napoleon was defeated, the resulting peace—the second Peace of Paris—was still relatively moderate toward France and Louis XVIII was restored to his throne In 1815 under Metternich’s leadership, Austria, Prussia, and Russia embarked on a crusade against the ideas of politics of the dual revolution (lasted until 1848) Calling a conference at Troppau in Austria under the provisions of the quadruple Alliance, Metternich and Alexander I proclaimed the principle of active intervention to maintain all autocratic regimes whenever they were threatened Encouraged by the British position, the United States proclaimed its celebrated Monroe Doctrine in 1823, which declared that European powers were to keep their hands off the New World and in no way attempt to re-establish their political system Metternich continued to battle liberal political change but sometime she could do little as in the new Latin American republics nor the dynastic changes of 1830 and 1831 in France and Belgium; Metternich’s system proved effective until 1848 Metternich’s policies dominated entire German Confederation, which was composed of thirty-eight independent German states, including Prussia and Austria and theses states met in complicated assemblies dominated by Austria, with Prussia a willing junior partner in the planning and execution of repressive measures Born into the middle ranks of the landed nobility of the Rhineland, Prince Klemens von Metternich was an internationally oriented aristocrat and marriage to Eleonora von Kaunitz opened the door to the highest court circles and a diplomatic career Austrian ambassador to Napoleon’s court in 1806 and Austrian foreign minister from 1809 to 1848, Metternich remained loyal to his class Metternich defended the rights of his class with a clear conscience; the nobility was one of Europe’s most ancient institutions and regarded tradition as the basic source of human institutions (monarchy, bureaucracy, aristocracy, commoners) Metternich’s commitment to conservatism was coupled with a passionate hatred of liberalism; liberal demands for representative government and civil liberties had captured some of the middle-class lawyers, business people, and intellectuals Like many other conservatives, Metternich blamed liberal revolutionaries for stirring up the lower classes, which he believed to be indifferent to liberal ideas The threat of liberalism appeared doubly dangerous to Metternich because it went with national aspirations and liberals, believed that each national group, had a right to establish its own independent government and seek to fulfill its own destiny Germans had supported and profited by the long-term territorial expansion of Austria; Germans accounted for a quarter of the population The various Slavic peoples, together with the Italians and the Rumanians, represented a widely scattered and completely divided majority in an empire dominated by Germans and Hungarians Different parts of provinces of the empire differed in languages, customs, and institutions but were held together by their ties to the Habsburg emperor Revived conservatism, with stress on tradition, a hereditary monarchy, a strong and privileged landowning aristocracy, and an official church, was rejected by radicals Liberalism demanded representative government as opposed to autocratic monarchy, equality before the law as opposed to legally separate classes The idea of liberty continued to mean specific individual freedoms: freedom of press, freedom of speech, freedom of assembly, and freedom of arbitrary arrest This form of liberalism is often called “classical” liberalism in the United States in order to distinguish it sharply from modern American liberalism, which favors more government programs to meet social needs and to regulate the economy Opponents of classical liberalism criticized its economic principles, which called for unrestricted private enterprise and no government interference (laissez faire) Smith argued that freely competitive private enterprise would result in greater income for everyone, no just the rich (general economic development) British economy was liberalized as old restrictions on trade and industry were relaxed or eliminated; this liberalization promoted continued economic growth in the I.

Economic Liberalism

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In response to the economic crisis, the Conservative leadership has itself shown a strong tendency to 'default' to both the public narratives and economic philosophy of Thatcherism's 'household economics', re-emphasising their distance from the European centre-right. True, there was little doubt that conservatives in the world of psychology are few. Her leftist economic views are represented by Neptune square Uranus, ruler of Venus. u- vu hv hj (j+) Ed Asner has Pallas trine Sun and Pluto (though Pluto is trine South Node).

Democratic Statecraft: Political Realism and Popular Power

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While battles over foreign policy have diminished, battles over culture, education, and moral life have intensified. Diversity of opinion is a defining characteristic of Liberal Christianity. Unfortunately, the definition of secularism as per most political parties is dovetailed with their need of Muslim and other minority votes. Euthanasia allows a terminally ill patient to die a dignified death than be kept alive at the cost of his own pain and suffering. Knowing human nature for a mixture of good and evil, the conservative does not put his trust in mere benevolence.

Resurgent: How Constitutional Conservatism Can Save America

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We come at last to that infamous question, what difference does it make? (Thank you, Hillary Clinton.) In 1964, Philip Converse published a seminal essay, "The Nature of Belief Systems in Mass Publics." The variable effects of education on liberal attitudes: A comparative-historical analysis of anti-Semitism using public opinion survey data: American Sociological Review Vol 50(4) Aug 1985, 458-474. Similarly, Native American Indians should have rights that a black does not have.

Le conservatisme

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The kind of Conservatism which he ( Keith Joseph ) and I...favoured would be best described as "liberal", in the old-fashioned sense. The inevitable result of trusting people with their own money is that the government, despite lower taxes, sees increased revenue (which is nicely balanced out by lower costs). Indeed they do, and that goes a long way to explaining why college professors tend to be liberal. People who blinked harder and showed heightened sensitivity — as gauged by their skin conductance — were more likely to favour gun rights, capital punishment and the war in Iraq than were those who showed less sensitivity. “If people spend most of their lives focusing on negative rather than positive, they're probably going to have a different way of experiencing the world.” In another study 10, Hibbing showed subjects a series of emotionally charged images, including a spider on a man's face, a maggot-infested wound, a cute rabbit and a happy child.

Good Tidings and Great Joy LP: Protecting the Heart of

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When social issues (i.e. gay marriage, abortion) or the military are discussed, that consistency which makes up the fundamental makeup of an ideology gets clouded. Ranging from traditional nineteenth-century ideologues such as liberalism, conservatism and socialism, to so-called 'new' ideologies such as feminism, ecologism and political Islam, the author offers a clear exposition both of the historical development of each ideology and the impact each has had on contemporary political movements, parties and governments.

A Dictionary of Conservative and Libertarian Thought

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The first point that I am bringing up is Conservatism and Economics, conservatism is in support of the free market. Modern day women have many advantages that women of the 1800s did not have, in the way of career opportunities, and... Most of the US ruling class is neo-liberal (including most republicans), but those in charge are more like fascists who practice entryism. These “kopdoek” loving Afrikaner brigade that forever engages unsuspecting people with their enlightened halo of how many black friends they possess, infuriating black women all over the show with the condescending greeting of “haibo sissi” to show their perceived unity with the black population of this country, and pathological hate of anything remotely white, makes them the laughing stock of all sane South Africans comfortably sitting on middle ground.

From the New Deal to the New Right: Race and the Southern

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The truth is that both sides are seeking to take more and more sovereignty and the citizen's rights away and plunge the country at the least and the world at the most into a Orwellian Police State, that would give John Carpenter a run for his money in terms of its true totalitarianism. MAIN 6 CULPRITS AND CONSPIRATORS IN THE SOUTH AFRICAN WHITE GENOCIDE: – Zionist corporate controllers in Britain & America( Secret Societies eg: Illuminati, Club of Rome, Skull & bones,Bilderbergers, Club of 300, etc) – Globalist controlled liberal Afrikaner organizations and unions in South Africa( Broederbonders, Free Masons, etc) – South African “Broederbonder” controlled media. – Majority of Afrikaans singers and artists.

Saviors or Sellouts: The Promise and Peril of Black

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In the case of attitudes about abortion, while majorities of Hispanic Catholics and Hispanic Protestants believe abortion should be illegal in all or most cases, Hispanic Protestants are somewhat more likely than Hispanic Catholics to hold this view (65% versus 52%). For example, in his history of YAF, Gregory Schneider notes that growing radicalism on campus, such as the siege of Columbia University and the University of Wisconsin’s “Dow Days” riots during the spring of 1968, pointed to a need to resist student activism.

The End of the Republican Era (Julian J. Rothbaum

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At the same time, some faculty research, while not political in nature, draws factual conclusions with which conservatives disagree. New edition published every two years since 1975. The Liberal Democrats are the only party whose ideology is relatively clear; in fact, it is quite obvious, seeing as it is the name of the party! Origins ======= Origins of classical liberalism are derived from the break up of the feudal system, which allowed people more economic freedom and allowed possible the early growth of capitalism.... [tags: Thomas Hobbs, John Locke] Metaphysical Premises And Types Of Liberal Ideology: Liberalism As The End And Liberalism As The Way - Metaphysical Premises And Types Of Liberal Ideology: Liberalism As The End And Liberalism As The Way ABSTRACT: The problem of choosing the way for our country unavoidably brings us to a discussion of the problem of liberalism.